Project Results

  • Mapping analysis report
  • Manual for an online training course
  • Online training course
  • Piloting exercises in Collodi

Mapping Analysis Report

For effective use of drone technology in preserving and managing historic gardens, it is necessary to digitally upskill the gardeners and integrate digital tools into their daily work.

The first step corresponds to the identification of the needs of the professional gardeners and staff working in the historic gardens. This identification has been done through a questionnaire addressed to professional gardeners in Europe, especially the historic gardeners working with the members of the ERHG.

The results of the questionnaire are summed up in a  Mapping analysis report. The report contributes to identifying the contents and the objectives of the training course and the workshops to turn the primary target group’s needs and ideas into real values. Through a sector of indicators, it has been possible to assess in detail the effective needed skills and how to structure and strategically integrate digital tools to implement the daily work of the primary target groups. Based on the results of local mapping in Spain and in Italy the leader (P1) has prepared an analysis report about the needs raised by staff using drones in historic gardens.

The  main topics addressed in the preparation of the Mapping exercise report  are: ( as  identified at the proposal stage) and in the formulation of the questionnaire addressed to the professional gardeners are:

Maintenance, conservation and planning

  • Computerized management of maintenance plans
  • Digitalization of the green heritage
  • Planning and programming of conservation interventions
  • Cataloging of the garden’s elements
  • Interoperability between the staff involved in the process
  • Detected infrastructure needs

The data and information reported in this document were collected in 2023 through anonymous online questionnaires distributed in Italy, Spain and the countries reached by the European Network of Historic Gardens. It is a report about the needs raised by researchers and staff of the gardens and the use of technological tools for managing and maintaining the historic gardens..

Manual for Drone4HER Online Course

This manual is designed as a comprehensive reference for the online project course, diving deep into the utilization of drone technology for the preservation and management of historic gardens. Recognized for their cultural importance and architectural elegance, historic gardens demand innovative approaches to address the complexities of conservation and sustainability.

By leveraging drone technology, caretakers and managers can adeptly navigate these complexities, ensuring these iconic landscapes endure for future generations.


  • Foundational Knowledge: An introduction to drone technology, focusing on types suited for historic gardens, alongside their primary components and functionalities.
  • Practical Implementation: Step-by-step guidance on deploying drones within the unique environment of historic gardens.
  • Skill Development: Master the art of employing drones effectively in historic gardens. This encompasses data gathering from mapping expeditions, performing thermography inspections, crafting precise 3D models through photogrammetry, and utilizing precision agriculture techniques.
  • Safety & Compliance: Safeguarding both the gardens and the equipment, this section discusses guidelines for secure drone operations, encompassing legal prerequisites and regulations for drones in historic garden contexts.
  • Equipment Care: Delve into best practices for drone maintenance and storage, ensuring equipment longevity and peak performance.
  • Benefits Unveiled: Explore the multifaceted advantages of drones, from water surveillance, plant health evaluations, and risk assessment to pinpointing maintenance needs and surveying inaccessible areas.
  • Marketing & Promotion: Enhance visitor experiences and elevate promotional strategies by tapping into the unique perspectives offered by drones in historic gardens.

Drone4HER Online Course

The course provides a comprehensive overview of using drones for maintenance, management, and marketing purposes in historic gardens. It covers the fundamentals of drones, their components, safe operation guidelines, legal requirements, and various applications in historic garden settings. The course also addresses the challenges and benefits of introducing drones, the training and skill development of garden staff, and concludes with a summary and a call to action for participants to get started with drone operations in historic gardens.

Learning Objectives:

  1. Identify the challenges in historic garden maintenance with an emphasis on environmental sustainability.
  2. Analyze the potential of drones in historic gardens, addressing both challenges and benefits.
  3. Differentiate between various drone types and their components best suited for historic gardens.
  4. Stay updated on legal frameworks and regulations for drone operations in historic gardens.
  5. Implement safe and efficient drone practices in historic gardens, covering maintenance, storage, and documentation.
  6. Master the techniques for aerial imagery in historic gardens and employ software solutions to extract valuable insights.
  7. Explore drone applications in historic gardens, from mapping to thermography.
  8. Assess drone utilities for water management, health monitoring, risk assessment, and accessing difficult areas in historic gardens.
  9. Leverage drones to market and enhance visitor experiences in historic gardens.
  10. Address the digital skill gap in gardeners for effective drone use, and harness online training and resources for skill development.

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